Wildlife in Rajasthan

Rajasthan has two national parks and many sanctuaries. The national parks and sanctuaries are home to tigers, black bucks, gharials, wild boars and birds like cormorants, kingfishers, egrets, eagles and falcons. The pleasant winters attract thousands of migratory birds like pelicans, ducks, bustards, sand grouse and the occasional Siberian crane. The many lakes in these sanctuaries are a haven for aquatic birds and crocodiles and the Indian gharial. Protection of endangered animals has always been a part of Rajasthan's heritage. The people of the Bishnoi tribe, for example, are ardent conservationists who are known for their zealous protection of forests and its endangered inhabitants.

The Koladeo Ghana National Park in Bharatpur, also known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, was once the hunting reserve of the Maharaja of Bharatpur. Declared a sanctuary in 1964, it is home to hundreds of indigenous birds and hosts many migratory birds during winter. The sanctuary chiefly consists of marshy land. The indigenous bird population consists of cormorants, egrets and herons. The migratory birds that arrive here in thousands during winters include the Siberian crane, pelicans and Demoiselle cranes. The marshy land, created by the damming of rainwater, is a haven for aquatic birds.

Ranthambore National Park , in the western side of the Aravallis, was brought under the Project Tiger scheme in 1973. It sprawls over an area of 400 square kilometers. The wildlife includes, apart from tigers, animals like wild boar, sambar deer, chital deer, leopard, bears and hyena. The large lakes, including Padam Tal, are a haven for aquatic birds, while the banks of the Chambal River are home to crocodiles. Ranthambore fort, almost 1000 years old, is worth a visit.

The Sariska Tiger Reserve , 200 kilometers away from Delhi, is home to tigers, leopards, chinkara, sambar, and doles ( Indian wild dog). The tigers are protected under the Project tiger scheme since 1979, but the population of tigers in the park has steadily dwindles through poaching and illegal clearing of forests.

The Mount Abu Sanctuary , on Mount Abu, is located on the Gurushikhar Peak, at an altitude of 1,800 meters. It spreads out like a plateau on the peak. Declared a protected area in 1960, this sanctuary is home to wild boar, sambar deer, the Indian langur and jungle fowl.

The Desert National Park , established in 1980, covers an area of almost 4000 square kilometers. The vegetation ranges from shady woods to scrublands. The topography consists of desert as well as fertile plains. The wildlife at the Park includes chinkara, fox, wolf, black buck and desert cat. The avian population consists of sand grouse, partridge, quail and drongo. The main attraction of the park is the rare Indian bustard.

The Darrah sanctuary , 50 kilometers from Kota, was set up in 1955. It lies along the fertile southeastern part of Kota district. The wild denizens of Darrah, the like sloth bears, wolves and chinkara find shelter in the thick forests.

The Bhensrod Garh Sanctuary was established in 1983. It is a small sanctuary that protects the leopards and black bears living in the scrub vegetation and flat grasslands.

Also worth visiting is the Jaisamand Sanctuary, home to leopards, wild boars, bear, marsh crocodiles and many kinds of deer. The Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary, nestled in the Aravalli Hills, shelters the rare Indian flying squirrel. The Sajjan Garh Sanctuary, the Sitamata Sanctuary, Ramgarh and Van Vihar are also worth a visit.
© Copyright 2011 Taj Mahal Tourism. All right reserved.

Powered by Pragyanet Technology Web Design India and Development Company.